Gangaikondacholapuram royal palaceWith both the Western and Eastern Chalukya fronts subdued, Rajendras armies undertook an extraordinary expedition. 1019 CE Rajendras forces continued to march through Kalinga. Kalinga was a kingdom in central-eastern India, which comprised most of the modern state of Orissa, as well as some northern areas of the bordering state of Andhra Pradesh to the river Ganges. The Emperor himself advanced up to the river Godavari Godavari River This article is about the river Godavari in India. For other uses, see Godavari The Godavari is a river that runs from western to south India and is considered to be one of big river basins in India to protect the rear of the expeditionary force. The Chola army eventually reach the Pala. The word Pala can refer to many different things: kingdom of Bengal where they met Mahipala. I is considered the second founder of the Pala Empire dynasty. Gopala I established the dynastic rule of the Palas in the middle of the 8th century C.E and defeated him. According to the Tiruvalangadu Plates, the campaign lasted less than two years in which many kingdoms of the north felt the might of the Chola army. The inscriptions further claim that Rajendra defeated the armies of Ranasura and entered the land of Dharmapala and subdued him and thereby he reached the Ganges and caused the water river to be brought by the conquered kings back to the Chola country. The new conquests opened up new roots for the Cholas to head for distant lands like Burma by land (through what are now modern Orissa, West Bengal, Assam and Bangladesh). It is true that Rajendra's army defeated the kings of Sakkarakottam and Dhandabhukti and Mahipala. These territories were initially added to the kingdom, while later they had the status of tribute paying subordinates and trade partners with the Chola Kingdom, an arrangement that lasted till the times of Kulothunga-III and to a limited extent, of Raja Raja-III too. It was undoubtedly an exhibition of the power and might of the Chola empire to the northern kingdoms. But the benevolent leadership of the Cholas treated them in a benevolent manner and did not permanently annexe them to the Chola dominions.
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